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AGRICULTURE

 

Overview of all Renault agricultural machines

     
   
 
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The first series of tractors for agricultural use came out just after the First World War. These tractors were based on the FT–army tank, which were used in this war. The GP–type (on caterpillar tracks) was the first type, which was directly derived from the FT tank. Very soon, different versions came on the market, under which a one equipped with a gas generator, and several with a petrol or diesel engine. The type called HO was the first tractor with wheels. Over the years more different models were made, so Renault could supply a suitable tractor to every sector. As far as it concerns tractors, Renault co-oparates with several other brands, such as: Motomeccanica, Allis-Chalmers, Carraro, Mitsubishi and Claas. The latter: Claas owns 80% of the Renault-Agricultural shares since 2004, which means that from now on the Renault tractor will be sold only in the Claas colours. The yellow ochre colour can only optional be ordered, but will be available in France (for a while).


1919-1939

From 1919 till 1939 Renault used, just as was the case with the cars, characters as type indication for trucks and buses, but with the increasing number of models 1 character wasn’t enough, so later on 2 or 3 characters were used as type indication.

1919 type GP

1920 type HI

1921 type HO

1926 type PE

1926 type PO

1928 type RK

1931 type PE1

1933 type VI

1933 type VY

1934 type YL

1935 type PE2

1938 type AFV

     

1939 type AFX

1939 type AFM

  


1940-1945

The outbreak of the second World War had a great influence on industrial production in Europe. Because of feedstock shortage Renault was forced to produce only a limited series of new tractors, stripped of all its trimmings.

1941 301D

1941 301H

1941 302H

1941 303D

1942 304

1942 304H

1942 305

1942 306

1942  307H

   

1944 304 E1

   

1946-1955

After this war Europe was reconstructed with all one’s strength. There was a great demand for tractors in order to bring the production of food to standard. World War II didn’t leave Renault undamaged, moreover, the works had been bombed and Louis Renault died under mysterious circumstances. A few months after liberation the factory was brought under public ownership. A new model came out, based on already existing techniques. Now 4 numerals were used as type name. Renault used sources of power which came from their own factory and from Hispano-Hercules and Perkins.

De R-nummers (bestaat uit 4 cijfers)

Het eerste cijfer geeft aan wat voor soort voertuig het is: 1=auto, 2=bestelauto benzine, 3= tractor benzine, 4= bestelauto en vrachtauto diesel en 7=tractor diesel.

De overige cijfers geven aan welke uitvoering het is, aanduiding van de techniek (motor- en chassisvariant) en het soort remmen, radiateur en ophanging dat worden gebruikt.

1946 R3040

1948 R3041

1949 R3042/R3082

 

1949 R3043/R3083

1949 R3044/R3084 R3045/R3085

 

1951 R7012

1951 R7013

1951 R7022

1951 R7023

1954 R3046

1954 R7012 leger


1956-1961

In the fifties the mechanization of agriculture was well under way. Sales figures were on the rise, as well as the average engine power. The whole new D- en N-series were tailored to the demands of the modern farmer, and in 1956 the diesel-engine was the most popular source of power, especially after the introduction of the purpose-made agricultural diesel (red-dye diesel). Renault purchased all its air-cooled engines at MWM (Motor Werke Mannheim) in Germany, but also used water-cooled Perkins-engines, bought in the USA. The type N stood for normal width, type E for narrow gauge and type V for the wine grow version. It was from 1960 to 1963 that the Renault program included the Motomeccanica Super 108, due to the great demand for even more engine power.

1956 D22 R7052

1956 D30 R7051

1956 D35 R7050

1956 E30 R3050/R3051

1958 D16 R7053

1960 Motomeccanica Super 108 R7053

1960 N, E, V31 R3051

1960 N, E, P70 R7050

1960 N ,E, V71 R7051

1960 N, E, V72 R7052

1960 N73/Junior R7053

1960 V73/Junior R7053

 

 

1960 N71 Super R7055

 

 


1962-1966

Towards the end of 1962 Renault introduces the Super-series. First of all the Super 7, its external features and technically being similar to the N-series. Outwardly new, technically renewed and available in more different engine powers were the Super 4 and the Super 5, every model available in the normal, narrow-gauge and wine grow version. The external features of the Super-Series were renewed in 1964 and two new types came on the market, the Super 3 and Super 6, with a square hood and higher rear mudguards as their most striking features. In 1965 all types got a D against their name, a changed grille, but it was the lifting equipment that had changed most. In the D-Series the so-called Tracto-control, a kind of automatic depth control of the lifting equipment, was used for the first time. With one handle one adjusts the required dept, and with the other handle one can lift the machine up and down. The required depth is kept up automatically as adjusted before. Tracto-control also works in case of unevenness of the ground and maintains substantially the same depth level. The first four-wheel drive Renault tractors appear on the market in 1966. The Super 2D series was equipped with an Indenor engine and was available in two colours: (reddish)orange and red, and from the introduction on the rims of the Super-D series are sprayed white. And in 1963, as the programme’s peak, first the R385 has been introduced and somewhat later the Master 1 en Master 2. The Master 1 was equipped with a 4 cylinder, air-cooled MWM-engine and the Master 2 with a 4 cylinder, liquid-cooled Saviem-engine, and with the latter also available in a four-wheel drive version it where powerful tractors. The Master TP (Travaux Publics = Public Works) was a yellow, industrial version of the Master series, designed for, among others, the French government.

1962 Super 7 R7055

1962 Super 5 R7054

1963 Super 4 R7056

1963 385 R77

1963  Master 1 R77

1963 Master 2 R78

1964 Super 3 R7052

1964 Super 6 R7050

1964 Super 7 R7055

1965 Super 3D R7052

1965 Super 4D R7056

1965 Super 5D R7054

1965 Super 6D R7050

1965 Super 7D R7055

1965 Super 7D R7055

1966 Super 5D 4x4 R7154

1966 Super 6D 4x4 R7150

1966 Super 7D R7155

 

1966 Master 1/2 R717/R718

1966 Master 1 TP R777

 

1967-1971

In March 1967, Renault started with a completely new range of models. Especially esthetics became important with the introduction of the 50- and 80- series. A well designed hood with build-in head lights gave the Renault tractor its own identity. The engines that were used were once again made by MWM. The 4wd types could be recognized by the number “4” in front of the type. In 1969, Renault launched the 90-series, which was introduced because of the growing demand for higher HP, combined with 4wd traction. These were the first tractors that were originally delivered with standard cabin, a new hood and splash-boards. At the end of the 60's power steering was used more and more often and a special series of narrow and winery tractors were made in 1968, the Renault 50, 60, 70 and 80. The American market also proved to be important when Renault had to build a 40HP tractor for Allis-Chalmers, the “One-Sixty”, which was based on the Renault 50 series (standard track), After a couple of different production lines, the love between Renault and Allis-Chalmers was over. A last effort to work together was model 1451, which was shown in Paris during 1973, but was never sold in Europe. It was an Allis-Chalmers, wrapped in Renault sheets.

1967 Super 2D R7201

1967 53 R7211

1967 55 R7231

1967 56 R7251

1967 57 R7241

1967 86 R7281

1967 88 R7261

1968 50 R7213

1968 51 R7256

1968 58 R7291

1968 60 R7253

1968 70 R7252

1968 80 R7282

1968 456 R7255

1969 94 R7611

1969 96 R7631

1969 AC One-Sixty R7301

1969 AC one sixty R7301

1970 82 R7288

1970 89 R7341

1970  91 R7614

1970 92 R7601

1970 98 R7651

1971 486 R7285

1971 489 R7345

1971 496 R7635

1971 498 R7655

  

1971 AC LCG R7302

1971 AC Economic R7307

   

1972-1980

Starting in 1972, Renault used Carraro front axles in al its tractors. These were made in Italy and caused, once again, another cooperation, which also resulted in Renault buying a large amount of shares in that company in 1974. At the beginning of 1973, this led to the introduction of 3 new types. They were Carraro machines, sprayed in Renault colors, tagged by the Renault type number, an added “R” and the name “Renault”. In May 1973, Renault started the introduction of a new series that was to become the most expanded one in all of Renault's history. Almost 80 different types, starting with the 301 and ending with the 1451-4. Depending on the model, an “S”- or “M”- type was created. A new nose, new cabins, MWM engines (sometimes with 4wd), tracto-control, different gear boxes, absolutely anything was possible. Tractors with higher power were launched in 1974. The Renault 460, which was created in 1975, was the last addition to the first special series of narrow and winery tractors. In 1976, the complete narrow series was modernized. The whole series was tagged with an “S” at the end of their name. Exterior-wise, they could be recognized by their black goggles, which surrounded the head lights. A “4” was added in front of the type for the 4wd models. In 1977, the 571-4 was slightly changed. The head lights were moved from the bottom to the middle of the grille. All types, starting with the 781, were given a new super luxury cabin in 1977 as a standard option. This was also added to the 461, the 551 and the 654 in 1979. At the beginning of 1980 another 2 new Carraro tractors were released, which had a new exterior.

1972 571-4 Carraro R7223

1973 321-4 Carraro R7221

1973 451-4 Carraro R7222

1973  301 R7411

1973 361 R7421

1973 421 R7431

1973 461 R7431

1973 461 R7441

1973 462 R7442

1973 551 R7451

1973 651 R7461

1973  652 R7462

1973 651-4 R7464

1973 AC 6040 R7481

1974 571-4 Carraro R7224

1974 751 R7621

1974 751-4 R7624

1974 752 R7622

1974 782 R7622

1974 851-4 R7664

1974 951 R7641

1974 951-4 R7644

1974 981 R7641

1974 981-4 R7644

1974 1151-4 R7674

1974 1181-4  R7674

1975 460 R7257

1975 556 R7456

1975 656 R7466

1975 851 R7661

1975 1401-4 R7694

1975 120

1975 125

1975 130

1976 50S R7365

1976 60S R7375

1976 70S R7376

1976 80S vignes R7385

1976 80S verger R7386

1976 551-4 R7454

1976 1451-4 R7694

1977 460S R7377

1977, 351M R7411

1977 421M R7421

1977 461M  R7431

1977 781 R7591

1977 781-4 R7594

1977 891 R7681

1977 921 R7681

1977 891-4 R7684

1977 921-4 R7684

1978 480S R7387

1978  752-4 R7624

1978 782-4 R7624

1979 54-10/54-17/54-18/54-19/54-20

1979 54-25/54-30/54-40/54-50

1979 ABM 480

1979 56-10/56-40/56-50 /56-60/56-60T/56-60P

1979 54-80/54-83

1979 RC385/395

1979 90S R7396

1979 490S R7398

1980 481-4 Carraro R7225

1980 581-4 Carraro R7226

1980 681 R7491

1980 681-4 R7494

 

1980 751-4S R7504

1980 891S R7681


1981-1988

In 1981, during Sima, an agricultural show in Paris, absolutely everyonewas astonished by the newly introduced TX-series. A new generation of tractors that was leaving all the competitors behind them. On top, this was the first series to be released in a new color scheme: Anthracite- ochre white. These tractors scored max when it comes to technique and comfort. Initially, only 6 cylinder engines were used, but these were later also downgraded to 4 cylinder versions. Due to the high demand for a cheap TX version, the TS was released. The known S-series was slowly phased out because of the TX. More smaller versions of the TS series were made a 2 new Carraro types were issued in 1982. These were released in the Renault color scheme and were provided with Perkins engines. At the end of 1987, the Carraro story was over. The narrow series was completely revised in 1984 and the new type of name, the TX- and TS-, were now used. A combination of numbers, completed with a letter. The V (Vigneron) or the F (Fruitier) were added. The biggest external changes were the new grille, front and side, and the new layout of the name and type on the hood. In 1984, the TX- and TS-series were accompanied by the RS-series, which were equal to the TS-series, but had a cheaper and more simple cabin. These were available with different engines. A small side note from the 80's was the D-series, which were bought from Mitsubishi. These small tractors were somewhat adjusted to live up to the Renault criteria. Halfway the 80's Renault had a very extensive agricultural offer. Apart from that, Renault had allot to offer to the industry in general. Especially the French government was a good customer. The bought allot of special machines. The 600, 700 and 800 M and H models were available in allot of different shapes for specific purposes. New in 1986 was the LS-series with MWM engines. These were also available with Perkins engine and could be recoginzed by their type “SP”. When the narrow and D-series came to an end during the end of 1986, Renault is ready for a new generation of garden and winery tractors. The V, F and LB series were announced. Each were very specific machines and were made differently from customer to customer. Biggest news in 1987 was the introduction of the TZ cabin. A cabin that was mounted of 4 shock absorbers was once again a progressive step with regard to the competition.

 

 

1981 60S R7375

1981 80S verger R7386

1976 80S vignes R7385

1981 90S R7395

1981 103-12 TS/TX R7821/ R7812

1981 103-14 TS R7822

1981 103-14 TX R7822

1981 113-12 TS/TX/RE R7921

1981 113-14 TS/TX/RE R7922/R7923

1981 133-14 TS/TX R7932

1981 145-14 TX/RE R7942

1981 Opraappers

1981 Hooi-/stro-pers

1982 501-4 Carraro R7227

1982 601-4 Carraro R7229

1982 466S R7446

1982 556S R7456

1982 656S R7466

1982 461S R7441

1982 551S R7451

1982 551-4S R7454

1982 651S R7461

1982 651-4S R7464

1982 681S R7491

1982 681-4S R7494

1982 751S R7501

1982 741 R7741

1982 751-4S R7624

1982 781S R7591

1982 781-4S R7594

1982 851S R7661

1982 851-4S R7664

1982 891S R7684

1982 891-4S R7684

1982 921S  R7681

1982 921-4S R7684

1982 981S  R7641

1982 981-4S R7644

1982 1181-4S R7674

1982 95-12 TS/TX R7811

1982 95-14 TS/TX R7812

1983 68-12 RA/RS R7721

1983 68-14 RA/RS R7722

1983 74-14 RA

1983 75-12 RA/RS R7731

1983 75-12 TS R7731

1983 75-14 TS R7732

1983 Rondbaalpers

1984 18-12D R7551

1984 18-14 D/HD R7552

1984 24-12D R7561

1984 24-14D R7562

1984 32-12D R7571

1984 32-14D R7572

1984  32-50F

1984 32-50V/EV R7375

1984 32-60F R7386

1984  32-60V R7385

1984 34-60V R7387

1984 42-70F R7396

1984 42-70V R7395

1984 44-70F R7398

1984 701-4F Carraro R7278

1984 61-12 RA/RS R7711

1984 61-14 RA/RS R7712

1984 80-12 TX R7731

 1984 80-14 TX R7732

1984 106-14 SP R7832

1985 15-12D R7541

1985 15-14D R7542

1985 32-50SV R7365

1985 80-12 TX R7761

1985 80-14 TX R7762

1985 95-14 RE/RS R7811/ R7812

1985 103-12 RE/RS R7821

1985 103-14 RE/RS R7822

1985 704M  R7752

1985 724M  R7752

1985 704H  R7752

1985 724H R7752

1985 700M  R7751

1985 720M R7751

1985 700H R7751

1985 720H R7751

1986 55-12F R3246

1986 55-12V R3235

1986 65-12 LS R3121

1986 65-14 LS R3122

1986 70-12F R3266

1986 70-12 SP R3131

1986 70-12V R3255

1986 70-14F R3268

1986 70-14 SP R3132

1986 70-14V R3257

1986 75-12 LS R3141

1986 75-14 LS R3142

1986 80-12F R3276

1986 80-14F R3278

1986 85-12 LS R3161

1986 85-14 LS R3162

1986 110-14 TS/TX/RE R7912

1986 120-14 TS/TX/RE R7922

1986 521S R7449

1987 50-12 LB R3201

1987 50-12V R3215

1987 55-12 LB R3221

1987 55-14 LB R3222

1987 58-12 LS R3111

1987 58-14 LS R3112

1987 77-12 TS R7721

1987 77-14 TS R7722

1987 80-12 SP R3151

1987 80-14 SP R3152

1987 85-12 TS/TX R7761

1987 85-14 TS/TX R7762

1987 95-12 TS R7811

1987 95-14 TS R7812

1987 103-12 TS R7821

1987 103-14 TS R7822

1987 120-14 TZ R7922

1987133-14 TZ R7932

1987 145-14 TZ R7942

1987 600M R3123

1987 55-12V R3235

1988 55-14V R3237

1988 110-14 TE/TA R7912

 

1988 120-14 TE/TA R7922

1988 133-14 TE/TA/TS R7932

1988 145-14 TE/TA R7942

1988 800M R3143

1988  804M R3144


1989-1992

On the SIMA show of 1989, Renault presented allot of changes in their programme. The new M- and P-series were introduced. Furthermore a large diversity of new versions of the T-series were made. The M-series got a MWM engine and the P-series received a Perkins engine. Externally their nose resembled the TX-series allot. The M- and P-series were to be delivered until early 1993. Based on the T, M and P-series, allot of industrial variants were released under the names of 600, 700, 800 and 900 MI and MI Hydroshift. Renault has now changed from a large production line supplier to a highly specialized factory where almost every machine is uniquely build to the satisfaction of each customer. Their new top model, the gold metallic NECTRA, was released the end of 1991. This machine is a TZ-tractor equipped with unsurpassed luxury.

1989 58-32 ME/MA/MS/MX R3111

1989 58-34 ME/MA/MS/MX R3112

1989 65-32 ME/MA/MS/MX R3121

1989 65-34 ME/MA/MS/MX R3122

1989 70-32 PE/PA/PS/PX R3131

1989 70-34 PE/PA/PS/PX R3132

 

1989 75-32 ME/MA/MS/MX R3141

1989 75-34 ME/MA/MS/MX R3142

1989 80-32 PE/PA/PS/PX R3152

1989 80-34 PE/PA/PS/PX R3152

1989 85-32 ME/MA/MS/MX R3161

1989 85-34 ME/MA/MS/MX R3162

1989 90-32 ME/MA/MS/MX R3171

1989 90-34 ME/MA/MS/MX R3172

1989 75-32 TX R7721

1989 75-34 TX R7722

1989 85-32 TX R7761

1989 85-34 TX R7762

1989 90-32 TX R7771

1989 90-34 TX R7772

1989 103-52 TE/TA/TS/TX R7821

1989 103-54 TE/TA/TS/TX/TM R7822

1989 110-54 TE/TA/TS/TX/TZ R7912

1989 120-54 TE/TA/TS/TX/TZ R7922

1989 133-54 TE/TA/TS/TX/TZ R7932

1989 145-54 TE/TA/TX/TZ R7942

1989 155-54 TE/TA/TX/TZ R7952

1989 650 MI R3123

1989 750 MI R3143

1989 754 MI R3144

1990 175-74 TZ R3852

1991 70-12 LB R3241

1991 70-14 LB R3242

1991 80-12V R3275

1991 80-14V R3277

1991  106-54 TL Tracfor/TM R7842

1991 180-94 TZ R3862

1991 120-54 TZ Nectra

1991 155-54 TZ Nectra

1991 850 MI R3163

1991 850 MI Hydroshift R7763

1991 854 MI R3164

1991 854 MI Hydroshift R7764

1991 900 MI Hydroshift R7773

1991 904 MI Hydroshift R7774

 

1991 950 MI R7823

1991  954 MI R7824

  

1993-2003

During the 90's, the design was becoming really important. Styling becomes more and more daring. Their ever growing improvement for ideas sees that a limited series of the FT was released in 1992, which was already delivered to customers in 1993. Shortly afterwards, the new Ceres generation is lurking around the corner. Round shapes are their new standard. A rounded nose, splash-boards and roof are taking care of a new modern look. A few years later, the complete Renault offer  is designed to the same standards. The Ares, Cergos, Ergos and Atles machines are making sure tractor design is equally important than truck design. The fact that they have been designed for years now using a PC stresses this. Smaller machines, such as the Dionis, Fructus and Pales are styled using the new design. Furthermore Renault has now also delivered machines with more than 250hp for the first time. During the time that Renault had a complete programme of machines they decide to shove off their complete agricultural industry, as well as their truck and bus divisions. Claas, who has been producing fabulous machines for years, is found to be a very good partner. Renault machines are now being sold in Claas colors. (Light green and white with red rims) Type names on the other hand, are kept as they are.

1993 90-34 FT R3172

1993 160-94 TX/TZ R3842

1993 Ceres 65/70/75/85/95

1993 Ceres 65/70/75/85/95

1993 Ceres 70 X/75 X/85 X/95 X

1993 Ceres 70 X/75 X/85 X/95 X

1995 Ceres 95X Spacial 4x4

1996 Ares 540 RX/RZ

1996 Ares 550 RX/RZ

1996 Ares 610 RX/RZ

1996 Ares 620 RX/RZ

1996 Ares 630 RX/RZ

1996 Ares 640 RZ

1996 Ares 710/720 RZ

1996 Ares 725 RZ

1996 Ares 735 RZ

1996 Ares 815 RZ

1996 Ares 825 RZ

1997 Ergos 90/100/110

1997 Cergos 330/340

1997 Cergos 350

1998 Dionis 110/120

1998 Dionis 130/140

1998 Fructus 110/120/130

1998 Fructus 140

1999 Palès 210

1999 Palès 210/230

1999 Palès 240

1999 Ceres 310/320/330/340

1999 Ceres 320 X/330 X/340 X

2000 Atles 915/925/935 RZ

2001 Ceres 325 2wd

2001 Ceres 335/345/355

2001 Ceres 325/335/345/355 X

2001 Ergos 85/95/105

2001 Cergos 335/345/355

2001 Témis 550 X

2001 Témis 610/630 X/Z

2001 Témis 650 X/Z

2002 Ares 546 RX/RZ

2002 Ares 556 RX/RZ

2002 Ares 566 RX/RZ

2002 Ares 616/626 RX/RZ

2002 Ares 636 RZ

2002 Ares 656/696 RZ

2002 Ares 816/826/836 RX/RZ

2002 Atles 926/936 RZ

2002 Sonalika Solis 40/60

2002 Sonalika DI-35/DI-55/DI-60/DI-75

2003 Celtis 426 RE

2003 Celtis 436 RX

2003 Celtis 446

2003 Celtis 456

2003 Celtis Arceau


2004-today

De Celtis was nog maar net een jaar verkrijgbaar of hij is al niet meer in Renault kleuren te krijgen. Evenals de Ares en Atles worden ze voortaan als Claas in lichtgroen-wit met rode velgen geleverd. Maar of de Renault-oker kleur echt definitief gaat verdwijnen, ik weet het (nog) niet, ze zeggen dat ze in Frankrijk wel nog "oranje" blijven, ik hoop het maar...

2004 Claas Celtis 426 RC

2004 Claas Ares 826 RZ

2004 Claas Atles 936 RZ

2004 Multis 106/136/156

2005 RB130/140

2005 Ergos

   

2013 Arion 430

   

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