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Renaults vision towards the environment


Henney Kilowatt Dauphine

The Henney Kilowatt made its fleeting appearance in 1959 in the United States, an American electric Dauphine designed by the National Union Electric Corporation and Eureka Williams. At this time in history electric vehicles were pretty much unheard of, so this was a wild project involving huge challenges!

Birth of the electric Dauphine project.

In the late nineteen-fifties and early sixties, Renault was gradually withdrawing from the US market, after experiencing mixed results there. But around the same period the Renault Dauphine was attracting interest for what was at the time a rather unusual reason: electric power. In 1959, Russell Feldman, president of the National Union Electric Corporation, owner of the Henney coachwork firm, and battery producer for Exide Batteries, asked Renault to deliver 100 Dauphines without powertrains. The Dauphine was chosen, obviously because Renault had some remaining stock in the US but also for two important reasons: it was much lighter than other cars on the market, and the rear-mounted engine compartment was ideal for fitting an electric motor, usually a General Electric unit, found in Fenwicks. The Henney Kilowatt, as it was known, would bring in orders from a grand total of 47 customers, well in advance of the rest of the world as regards environmental awareness.

Most of the electric cars (32) went to electric utility companies, but motorists could buy them directly from Henney too. Which was the case of the State of Tennessee authorities, who ordered electric Dauphines for use as a service vehicle. We know of only 2 of these cars in roadworthy condition today. There are a dozen or so, in various states of repair, in the US and 2 in France (including one owned by Renault Classic).

A 75 KM range and 14 6 V batteries

Henney's Dauphine Kilowatt existed in two versions: the first, intended for urban use, was powered by 12 6 V batteries wired in series, and achieved a top speed of 64 km/h and a full-charge range estimated at 64 km. Only 8 of these cars were made. The second, powered by 14 6 V batteries, raised the top speed to 80 km/h and the range to 75 km. Electrical systems took up a great deal of space on the car, and the Henney Kilowatt did not have a boot. Even so, the vehicle weighed in at 950 kg to 1100 kg depending on the version. Both models were available in a choice of three colours: red, grey or black.

How Renault Zoe was inspired by this American electric Dauphine

Electric vehicle technology has come a very long way since then! But, sure, the evolutionary traces are there if we look for them. For a start, we have braking energy recovery: on a more advanced version developed a few years later by Bell Laboratories, we find partial battery recharge during braking, plus onboard electronic control.

A second point in common is the somewhat similar business model. Because of the high battery price, Yardney (who also developed an electric Dauphine) planned to lease them rather than sell them, and thus make the car more affordable. But the project was too far ahead of its time to survive.

Unfortunately, all the early attempts to introduce electric-powered vehicles ran into the same sort of obstacles we find today, specifically the lack of widely available charging structures.

We'd like to thank Jean-Jacques Dupuis of Gazoline magazine for his article on the subject and his precious help to us in preparing this blog article.


Electrical commercial vehicles ZE (Zero Emission)

After ten years of experimentation under actual operating conditions with its customer-partners, Renault Trucks is pleased to unveil its second generation of all-electric vehicles: the Renault Master Z.E., Renault Trucks D Z.E. and Renault Trucks D Wide Z.E., a complete range from 3.1 to 26 tonnes ideally suited for use in the city. The Renault Trucks D and Renault Trucks D Wide Z.E. will be manufactured in the Renault Trucks plant at Blainville-sur-Orne and will arrive on the market in 2019. The Renault Master Z.E. will be available in 2018.

To keep pace with the changing face of urban transport, Renault Trucks, a pioneer in the field of electromobility, is launching its second generation of electric trucks. The Renault Trucks Z.E. line-up, consisting of the Renault Master Z.E., Renault Trucks D Z.E. and Renault Trucks D Wide Z.E., ranging from 3.1 to 26 tonnes, covers the full gamut of urban uses from goods distribution and delivery to refuse collection.  

For Renault Trucks, electromobility was the obvious response to urban air quality and noise issues from the outset, as well as cut overall CO2 emissions. 

For over ten years, the company has been field testing electric trucks with its customer-partners in order to garner crucial information about usage, battery behaviour, charging facilities and specific maintenance requirements. 

These real-world tests have also enabled Renault Trucks’ customer-partners to help their own customers come to an acceptance of electric technology. Renault Trucks has over a decade of experience with all-electric trucks thanks to the Renault Maxity. 

Ten years’ ago, we were the pioneers, promoting electric trucks to improve city air quality”, explains Renault Trucks President Bruno Blin “Today we can offer a range of electric vehicles with proven performance and the experts in our network are ready to help our customers transition to electromobility. Ten years’ ago we were pioneers, today we are experts.” 

The latest technological advances have made electric trucks an economically viable alternative for hauliers, leading Renault Trucks to launch a complete Z.E. range. 

However strict the regulations may be in urban zones, the vehicles in the Renault Trucks Z.E. operate seamlessly in compliance. They are the perfect solution to safeguard air quality and reduce congestion as they allow noise-free out-of-hours deliveries and emit neither local pollutants nor CO2.

Some prominent names in freight haulage have already opted for electromobility. One such company is XPO Logistics “At XPO, we have led by example as the transport industry becomes increasingly aware of the need for alternative power”, said Luis Gomez, managing director-transport, XPO Logistics Europe. “We commend our supplier Renault Trucks for investing in the development of electric vehicles that offer a practical way to achieve zero emissions*. Renault Trucks is shaping the future of commercial transport in an evolving regulatory environment.”   

Suez is also following the release of the Renault Trucks Z.E range with interest. “We are delighted to see a competitive new industrial solution arrive on the market and to be able to partner with Renault Trucks,” explains Edouard Hénaut, executive director local authorities services at Suez. “This new electric truck offering will allow Suez to help its customers reduce their carbon footprint thanks to a zero-emission environmentally-friendly and silent refuse collection solution.”  

The Renault Master Z.E., which will be released in September 2018, is ideal for last-mile deliveries and provides access to inner-city areas even those with strict traffic restrictions. The battery of this all-electric utility vehicle takes six hours to charge.

Its loading volume is the same as a conventional diesel Renault Master as the batteries are mounted under the front seats. The Master Z.E. range comes in six variants (four panel vans and two platform cabs) designed to meet all the requirements of professionals working in urban environments.

   
    2016 Master ZE
2017 Kangoo ZE 2018 D ZE 2018 D-wide ZE

Lastly, to protect the driver and the load and keep city-dwellers safe, the Master Z.E. is outfitted with a reversing camera, reversing radar system and wide-view mirror as standard features.

The specially designed 16 t version of the Renault Trucks D Z.E. is ideal for urban and controlled temperature deliveries. The Renault Trucks D Wide Z.E. will come in a 26 t version for efficient refuse collection. Both models will be manufactured at the Renault Trucks plant in Blainville-sur-Orne, Normandy, France in the second half of 2019.

A medium-duty Renault Trucks Z.E. vehicle has an operating range of up to 300 km depending on usage and battery configuration. The battery pack is the most expensive item when buying an electric truck. For Renault Trucks, there is no question of compromising on payload or cost-effectiveness, so different operating ranges will be available tailored to customers’ exact needs.

Thanks to rapid DC charging, the Renault Trucks D Z.E. and Renault Trucks D Wide Z.E. lithium-ion batteries can be fully charged in as little as one to two hours via the 150 kW Combo CCS connector. For overnight AC charging, the time to fully charge a 300-kWh battery is 12 hours. In this case, a three-phase 380V 32A industrial power socket is perfectly sufficient.

For maximum flexibility in terms of usage and bodywork, the Renault Trucks D Z.E. and Renault Trucks D Wide Z.E. are equipped with a power take-off and a standard mechanical interface.


Electrical vehicles ZE (Zero Emission)

Renault is in Europa marktleider met zijn uitgebreide gamma elektrische auto's. Sinds de introductie van de eerste elektrisch aangedreven Renault – de Kangoo Z.E. – eind 2011, verkocht Renault al zo'n 30.000 exemplaren in Europa en is daarmee marktleider. Het Zero Emission-gamma van Renault bestaat uit de Kangoo Z.E., de ZOE en de Twizy. Renault blijft ook in de toekomst inzetten op emissievrije auto's.


The electric vehicle: good sense for the environment.

“Electric vehicles form the only practical and affordable solution in existence today to our planet’s transport-related environmental challenges.”

CARLOS GHOSN, President and CEO of Groupe Renault

A pioneering strategy: Wide-scale rollout of all-electric vehicles.

Renault has a long record of commitment to sustainable transport for all. For more than twenty years the company has been consistently endeavouring to reduce the environmental impact of its vehicles and business activities.

Renault was the first European automaker to believe in the all-electric vehicle.

The all-electric vehicle is the flagship of Renault’s environmental commitment.

In 2009, Carlos Ghosn announced a strategy, ambitious and completely unique in the automotive industry, that would involve putting a full range of affordable all-electric vehicles on the market by 2012. Renault was true to its word.

Groupe Renault today offers electric vehicles addressing a broad spectrum of the population: Fluence, ZOE, Kangoo Z.E., Twizy RSM SM3 Z.E and Master.

2010 Fluence ZE 2012 Twizy ZE 2013 Zoé ZE
2013 Kangoo ZE 2013 Samsung SM3 ZE 2016 Master ZE

Renault ranks number-one for electric vehicle sales in Europe. In 2016, more than one electric vehicle in four is a Renault. And the market is on the rise. ZOE is Europe’s biggest selling electric vehicle, and Kangoo Z.E. leads the European market for electric light commercial vehicles.

Zero-pollution motoring, for more breathable air.

Because they emit no exhaust pollutants (particulates, nitrogen oxides, etc.) when driven, electric vehicles have a key role to play in improving air quality, with the attendant benefits to public health, especially in urban areas.

Studies have shown that a 20% proportion of electric vehicles in city centres would bring a reduction of up to 30% in the concentration of particulates and of up to 45% in the concentration of nitrogen dioxide. These reductions become especially important under peak pedestrian exposure conditions, when pollutant levels rise as a result of meteorological conditions unfavourable to pollutant dispersion.

Zero-CO2 driving, an effective countermeasure against climate change.

Electric power is the real breakthrough solution for countering climate change, because electric cars emit no CO2 (carbon dioxide) while driving. Because an electric motor does not burn any fossil fuel, Renault is fully committed to the electric vehicle as the innovative solution capable of meeting today’s environmental challenges. Even when we factor in CO2 emissions produced by generating the electricity needed to charge an electric vehicle, the carbon balance is much better than for an equivalent internal-combustion model in most of the countries where electric vehicles are sold. In Europe, the overall carbon figure averages around 72 grams of CO2 per km for ZOE, compared to at least 100 grams for an equivalent internal-combustion model. The overall carbon footprint of an electric vehicle varies from one country to another, with the degree of carbon dependency of local power plants. In France, for example, where power-plant carbon dependency is relatively low, the carbon footprint of the Renault ZOE is about 14 grams of CO2 per km.

Heading for zero CO2, electricity generation included Stepping up the energy transition.

Electric vehicles contribute to the energy transition in the automotive industry by reducing the use of fossil energies (traditional fuels) for transport needs. According to the International Energy Agency, with seven million electric vehicles on the road worldwide, we would save 400,000 barrels of crude oil per day from now through to 2020. And Renault electric vehicle can also contribute to the energy transition in any other business sector than consumes electricity.

Renault is a partner on various projects to develop technical solutions in the production of “green” (i.e. low-carbon) electricity, the aim being to reduce depletion of the planet’s natural resources. These solutions primarily seek to compensate for the inherently intermittent nature of renewable energy sources (solar, wind, etc.), this being the main impediment to development of green electricity production today.

Renault electric vehicles in car-share schemes worldwide.

As well as enjoying an environmentally sound transport practice, Renault electric vehicle drivers also appreciate the unique driving sensations and superior convenience of electric power.

Peace and quiet driving becomes much less stressful without engine noise and vibration. Smooth,
crisp response. Acceleration is smooth, perfectly linear and sprightly from low revs. In-home charging station.

When buying a Renault electric vehicle, the customer gets full advice on the main charging station for it (at the driver’s home or workplace, or a nearby street location).

Charging infrastructure on the increase.

The electric vehicle charging infrastructure has been growing at a rate of 30% to 60% per year since 2013. There are more than 100,000 stations worldwide and 80,000 in Europe. By 2017 France will have trebled its charging infrastructure, to 40,000 stations in all.

Development of fast-charge stations.

At a fast-charge station, it takes ZOE just 30 minutes to get a 80 to 120 km travel range boost. There are already around 2,300 fast-charge stations along major trunk roads in 15 European countries.

Reassuring battery rental conditions.

Renault’s battery rental contract guarantees the customer a fully functional battery (at least 75% original charge capacity) at all times, regardless of vehicle age and mileage. And Renault roadside assistance covers the vehicle even if it just runs out of charge.

Electric vehicle privileges.

Electric vehicles enjoy various privileges in many European cities: special lanes, congestion charge exemption, in-street charging stations, and special-rate (or free) street parking.

Competitive running costs compared to internal-combustion cars. Electric cars cost less to run: servicing, insurance, charging, etc.

Electric vehicles for all

Renault fields a full range of electric vehicles, addressing a wide customer base with four models that cover a broad usage spectrum: the ZOE compact city car, the Kangoo Z.E. van, the Twizy urban quadricycle, and the RSM SM3 Z.E. upmarket sedan. Purchase prices are comparable to those of equivalent internal-combustion vehicles, especially in countries that practise tax incentives for electric vehicles, and running costs are competitive.

Meeting new mobility needs.

Renault anticipates and responds to new mobility needs, seizing emerging opportunities for the use of its all-electric vehicles. Because of increasing urban road congestion, and for financial reasons, more and more people are giving up car ownership in favour of car-pooling. Renault actively encourages sharing of its electric vehicles.

Renault Mobility

In summer 2016 Groupe Renault launched a new car-sharing service, Renault Mobility, providing both private users and businesses with round-the-clock self-service access to both electric and internal-combustion cars (ZOE, Captur, Clio). The service is currently under trial in France, and Renault plans to develop this kind of solution in urban and rural areas through its network of partners, with a view to offering nationwide local access.


Hybrid trucks

Renault Trucks Hybrys: an innovative, urban, hybrid technology concept vehicle.

With its futuristic design, Hybrys is an expression of Renault Trucks’ vision of future urban transport. It is also a progressive step towards the inclusion of hybrid technologies in its products already on the market, offering alternative solutions to diesel.

Environmental protection, increasing prices for petrol-based products and their diminishing resources has driven Renault Trucks to broaden its product offer for increasingly lower fuel consumption vehicles by means of new energies.

2007 Hybrys concept Premium Distribution Hybrys Premium Distribution Hybrys

In its product range, targeting local authorities and highways agencies, Renault Trucks offers a unique range of engines and alternative energy solutions : bio-diesel, natural gas, diesel / electric bi-modal and wholly electric. In the near future, hybrid, so called ‘parallel’ technologies (combining diesel and electric engines delivering power depending on different power distribution scenarios) used on the Hybrys concept vehicle will complement the current solutions.


Eco²

Renault launched the Renault eco² signature in May 2007 to identify its most ecological and economical vehicles. The signature reflects Renault's aim to inform customers of the environmental progress it has made across the vehicle life cycle in the last 10 years. Taking action for the environment means looking ahead. Renault will apply stricter conditions to its eco2 label to keep pace with the major progress made by future generations of vehicles. At the same time, the Renault-Nissan Alliance is aiming for zero emissions: zero noise – zero pollutant emissions – zero greenhouse gases.

Renault eco² vehicles fulfill three ecological criteria in production, CO2 emissions and recycling:

* Renault eco² vehicles emit less than 140 g/km of CO2. Some Renault eco² vehicles can run on biofuels, made from plant matter.
*

Renault eco² vehicles are produced at ISO 14001-certified plants. This standard rewards the progress made by manufacturing sites in reducing water and energy consumption and in cutting waste production and atmospheric and noise emissions.

*

Renault eco² vehicles have to contain at least 5% recycled plastic. They are also designed so that 95% of their mass can be recovered at end-of-life, and thus begin a second existence.


Renault Next, hybrid car ---->     

Biological water treatment, Flins Water soluble paint booth, Flins Disassembly for recycling Guyancourt

Renault Contract 2009

A vehicle is given the Renault Eco2 symbol if it:

Emits less than 140g/km of CO2 or operates on biofuels (in France), on E85 ethanol or on B30 biodiesel

Is manufactured in a plant that has been certified ISO 14001

Can be 95% recoverable at the end of its lifecycle (recyclable for other use or as a source of energy) and it includes at least 5% recycled plastics in its plastic mass.

 
<140 gr co2/km ISO 14001 95% recyclebaar
 
Master Biodiesel B30    
Trafic Biodiesel B30 Mégane BioEthanol E85 Modus recycling
Trafic Biodiesel B30 Logan Eco² Kangoo Natural Gas for Vehicles (NGV)
Well to wheels approach

 

   

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©Renault - ©Renault Trucks - ©Jean-Jacques Dupuis

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